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読売 ニュースの英語 ★★★

open

The Justice Ministry opened one of the nation’s seven execution chambers to the media for the first time at the Tokyo Detention House.

和訳:法務省は、死刑執行が行われる全国7か所の刑場の一つを、東京拘置所で報道陣に初公開した

open: 開く、公開する

execution: 死刑執行

chamber: 部屋, 引用文は原文と一部異なります

◆ Detention House: 拘置所

(2010年8月31日  読売新聞)

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Vocab Building – Big ★

Japan’s Self-Defense Forces are now providing post-earthquake humanitarian and reconstruction aid in Haiti. The relief supplies and equipment for the operation were transported from Narita to Santo Domingo aboard the world’s largest freighter aircraft, the one and only Antonov An-225. Here are the photos of the aircraft. It is amazing something this huge can stay in the air. The Wright brothers would never have dreamed it could happen. (Many thanks to Kumiko S. for sharing this with me.)

There are many words in English which mean big and here are some of them:

sizable, substantial, great, huge, immense, enormous, extensive, colossal, massive, mammoth, vast, tremendous, gigantic, giant, monumental, mighty, gargantuan, elephantine, titanic, mountainous; towering, tall, high, lofty; outsize, oversized; goodly; capacious, voluminous, spacious; king-sized, man-size, family-sized, economy-sized; jumbo, whopping, mega, humongous, monster, astronomical, ginormous; commodious.

大きい・大きな

1 〔物のかさがある〕biglarge; 〔背が高い〕tall; 〔かさの大きい〕bulky

大きい人[町]|a big person [town]

大きい建物|a large building

大きいサイズの婦人服|a large-size

[⦅米国用法⦆queen-sized] dress (▼⦅米国用法⦆男物は king-sized)

息子は父親よりも大きい|The son is taller [bigger] than his father.

大きい包み|a bulky package

とてつもなく大きい部屋|[a huge / an enormous] room

でっかい

huge, gigantic

でっかいステーキを食べた|I ate a gigantic steak.

ばかでっかい象|a whopping great elephant / a monster of an elephant

でっかい男|a giant of a man

でっかい家|a huge house

ばかでかい【馬鹿でかい】

ばかでかい足|unusually big feet

ばかでかい建物|a [tremendously big / ⦅米俗⦆humongous] building

巨大な

huge; enormousgigantic

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Vocab Building – 会社 ★★

・外資系企業|a company with capital participation by a foreign company; a foreign-affiliated firm

・ 会社|a company; a firm; a corporation

・ 株式会社|a joint-stock [⦅米国用法⦆stock] company; ⦅英国用法⦆〔株式公開の〕a public limited company, 〔株式非公開の〕 a private (limited) company

・ 多国籍企業|a multinational corporation [company]

・ 同族会社|a family corporation《経営母体による区別》

・ 協同組合|a cooperative

・ 公営企業|a publicly managed company; a public enterprise

・ 公社,公団|a public corporation

・ 国営企業|a state-run company; a state enterprise

・ 第三セクター|a semi-public joint venture company; a quasi-public corporation

・ 特殊法人|a government-affiliated corporation; a special corporation《規模関連》

・ 親会社|a parent company

・ 関連会社|an affiliated company

・ 系列|corporate alliances; a group of closely related companies; a keiretsu

・ 子会社|a subsidiary company

・ 財閥|a zaibatsu; 〔韓国の〕a chaebol

・ 大企業|a big company; Big Business

・ 中小企業|small (and medium-sized) businesses

・ 提携先|a business partner

・ 取引先|a customer; a business connection

・ 複合企業体|a conglomerate

・ 持株会社|a holding company《起業ベンチャー》

・ 起業家|an entrepreneur

・ 起業家精神|entrepreneurship

・ ベンチャー企業|a start-up; a venture business

・ ベンチャー投資基金|a venture investment fund《行為》

・ 合併|(a) merger

・ 株の持ち合い|crossholding of shares

・ 管財人|a receiver

・ 管財人になる|be appointed receiver

・ 企業買収|merger and acquisition; M&A

・ 吸収|absorption

・ 合弁事業|a joint venture

・ 再建屋|a turnaround manager

・ 破産,倒産|bankruptcy; insolvency《経営陣》

・ 会長|the chairman (of the board of directors)

・ 監査役|an auditor

・ 経営者|a manager; 〔総称〕the top management

・ 顧問弁護士|a corporate lawyer

・ 最高業務責任者|the chief operating officer⦅略COO⦆

・ 最高経営責任者|the chief executive officer⦅略CEO⦆

・ 最高財務責任者|the chief financial officer⦅略CFO⦆

・ 社外重役|an outside director

・ 社長|the president(▼実権を握るトップとしては「代表取締役」の肩書きを使う)

・ 常務取締役|a managing director

・ 専務取締役|an executive director; a senior managing director

・ 相談役,顧問|a senior (corporate) adviser

・ 代表取締役|the representative director; the chief executive officer⦅略CEO⦆; ⦅英国用法⦆the managing director

・ 副社長|an executive vice-president(▼複数いる場合が多い)

・ 役員会|the board of directors

・ 役員,重役|a director《主な部署》

・ 営業部|the sales department

・ 企画部|the planning department

・ 経理部|the accounting department

・ 広報部|the public relations department

・ 財務部|the financial management department

・ 人事部|the personnel department

・ 総務部|the general affairs department [division] (▼departmentはdept., divisionはdiv.と略す)《管理職》

・ 係長|a subsection chief

・ 課長|the head of a section; a section head [manager]

・ 課長補佐|an assistant section manager

・ 中間管理職|a middle(-level) manager; 〔総称〕the middle management

・ 部長|the general manager《その他》

・ 給与外特典|fringe benefits; ⦅口⦆perks

・ 年功序列型給与|a seniority-based [seniority-oriented] salary

・ 年俸制|the annual-salary system; a system of performance-based annual salaries

・ 能率給|a performance-based salary


彼は子会社に出向中である|He is on loan to a subsidiary company.

我が社は営業品目の拡大を計画中である|Our company is planning to diversify.

この会社は大幅なリストラが必要である|This company needs radical restructuring.

会社は近く破産申告をする|The company is going to file for bankruptcy soon.

あの会社は先月倒産した|That company [went bankrupt / became insolvent] last month.

昇進が年功で決まる時代は終わった|Promotion is no longer based on seniority.

社用族だから派手に飲み食いする|They spend a lot at restaurants and bars because it can all go on the company expense account.

求人広告をこまめに見ている|I’m reading the help-wanted ads carefully these days.

定年後は嘱託で5年働ける|After retirement I can work part-time for another five years.

会社訪問で勉強に身が入らない|Because I have to visit companies to get job information, I can’t concentrate on my studies.


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Vocab Building – Obsequious ★★★★

If you want to get ahead with your boss, you might trying being obsequious, which suggests an attitude of inferiority that may or may not be genuine, but that is assumed in order to placate a superior in hopes of getting what one wants (Ex.: a “goody two shoes” whose obsequious behavior made everyone in the class cringe).

While subservient may connote similar behavior, it is more often applied to those who are genuinely subordinate or dependent and act accordingly (Ex.: a timid, subservient child who was terrified of making a mistake).

Servile is a stronger and more negative term, suggesting a cringing submissiveness (Ex.: the dog’s servile obedience to her master).

Slavish, suggesting the status or attitude of a slave, is often used to describe strict adherence to a set of rules or a code of conduct (Ex.: a slavish adherence to the rules of etiquette).

Obsequious

〈態度などが〉こびへつらいを示す, おもねる

an obsequious smile  追従笑い.

Subservient

屈従する, 卑屈な, こびへつらう, 追従する.

Obedient

従順な, 忠実な, すなおな, おとなしい, (…の)言うことをよく聞く⦅to …⦆

an obedient dog   忠実な犬

be obedient to the orders   命令に従う

Servile

1 奴隷の, 奴隷状態の.

2 奴隷特有の, 奴隷根性の, 卑しい, 卑屈な

servile bow   こびへつらったおじぎ

servile flattery   卑屈なおべっか

Slavish

1 奴隷の;奴隷的な;奴隷根性の

slavish submission   奴隷的な屈従.

2 卑しい, 卑屈な.

3 猿まね的な, 独創性のない;直訳の.

Note: Obedient 権威に対する従順さ;権威を受け入れていることを表す. Compliant 要求に対する従順さ;拒否できない性格上の弱さを示す. Submissive 不当な要求権威に唯々諾々と従うこと. Subservient 目上の者への卑屈な従順さ.